Who Tolerates This Kind Of Hatred Or Worse, Believes & Condones It?

To read full Bio: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing#Conviction_for_indecency

Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS (pron.: /ˈtjʊərɪŋ/ TEWR-ing; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954), was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and computer scientist. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, giving a formalisation of the concepts of “algorithm” and “computation” with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer.[2][3][4] Turing is widely considered to be the father of computer science and artificial intelligence.[5]

Conviction for indecency

In January 1952, Turing started a relationship with a 19-year-old unemployed man, Arnold Murray, whom he had met outside the Regal Cinema when walking down Manchester’s Oxford Road just before Christmas and had invited to lunch. On 23 January Turing’s house was burgled. Murray told Turing that the burglar was an acquaintance of his, and Turing reported the crime to the police. During the investigation he acknowledged a sexual relationship with Murray. Homosexual acts were illegal in the United Kingdom at that time,[87] and both were charged with gross indecency under Section 11 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885.[88] Initial committal proceedings for the trial occurred on February 27, where Turing’s solicitor “reserved his defence”. Later, convinced by the advice of his brother and other lawyers, Turing entered a plea of “guilty”, in spite of the fact that he felt no remorse or guilt for having committed criminal acts of homosexuality.[89] The case, Regina v. Turing and Murray, was brought to trial on 31 March 1952,[90] where Turing was convicted, and given a choice between imprisonment or probation conditional on his agreement to undergo hormonal treatment designed to reduce libido. He accepted the option of treatment via injections of stilboestrol, a synthetic oestrogen; this treatment was continued for the course of one year. The treatment rendered Turing impotent and caused gynecomastia,[91] fulfilling in the literal sense, Turing’s prediction that “no doubt I shall emerge from it all a different man, but quite who I’ve not found out”.[92][93] Murray was given a conditional discharge.[94]

Turing’s conviction led to the removal of his security clearance, and barred him from continuing with his cryptographic consultancy for the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), the British signals intelligence agency that had evolved from GCCS in 1946. At the time, there was acute public anxiety about homosexual entrapment of spies by Soviet agents,[95] because of the recent exposure of the first two members of the Cambridge Five, Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean, as KGB double agents. Turing was never accused of espionage but, in common with all who had worked at Bletchley Park, was prevented from discussing his war work by the Official Secrets Act.[96]

Death

On 8 June 1954, Turing’s cleaner found him dead. He had died the previous day. A post-mortem examination established that the cause of death was cyanide poisoning. When his body was discovered, an apple lay half-eaten beside his bed, and although the apple was not tested for cyanide,[97] it was speculated that this was the means by which a fatal dose was consumed. This suspicion was strengthened when his fascination with Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was revealed, especially the transformation of the Queen into the Witch and the ambiguity of the poisoned apple.[98] An inquest determined that he had committed suicide, and he was cremated at Woking Crematorium on 12 June 1954.[99] Turing’s ashes were scattered there, just as his father’s had been.

Hodges and David Leavitt have suggested that Turing was re-enacting a scene from the 1937 Walt Disney film Snow White, his favourite fairy tale, both noting that (in Leavitt’s words) he took “an especially keen pleasure in the scene where the Wicked Queen immerses her apple in the poisonous brew”.[100] This interpretation was supported in an article in The Guardian written by Turing’s friend, the author Alan Garner, in 2011.[98]

Professor of Philosophy Jack Copeland has questioned various aspects of the coroner’s historical verdict, suggesting the alternative explanation of the accidental inhalation of cyanide fumes from an apparatus for gold electroplating spoons, using potassium cyanide to dissolve the gold, which Turing had set up in his tiny spare room. Copeland notes that the autopsy findings were more consistent with inhalation than with ingestion of the poison. Turing also habitually ate an apple before bed, and it was not unusual for it to be discarded half-eaten.[101] In addition, Turing had reportedly borne his legal setbacks and hormone treatment (which had been discontinued a year previously) “with good humour” and had shown no sign of despondency prior to his death, in fact, setting down a list of tasks he intended to complete upon return to his office after the holiday weekend.[101] At the time, Turing’s mother believed that the ingestion was accidental, caused by her son’s careless storage of laboratory chemicals. Biographer Andrew Hodges suggests that Turing may have arranged the cyanide experiment deliberately, to give his mother some plausible deniability.[102]

 

 

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About The Persecution of Mildred Dunlap

The year 1895 was filled with memorable historical events: the Dreyfus Affair divided France; Booker T. Washington gave his Atlanta address; Richard Olney, United States Secretary of State, expanded the effects of the Monroe Doctrine in settling a boundary dispute between the United Kingdom and Venezuela; and Oscar Wilde was tried and convicted for "gross indecency" under Britian's recently passed law that made sex between males a criminal offense. When the news of Wilde's conviction went out over telegraphs worldwide, it threw a small Nevada town into chaos. This is the story of what happened when the lives of its citizens were impacted by the news of Oscar Wildes' imprisonment. It is chronicle of hatred and prejudice with all its unintended and devastating consequences, and how love and friendship bring strength and healing. Paulette Mahurin, the author, is a Nurse Practitioner who lives in Ojai, California with her husband Terry and their two dogs--- Max and Bella. She practices women's health in a rural clinic and writes in her spare time. All profits from her book are going to animal rescue, Santa Paula Animal Shelter, the first and only no-kill shelter in Ventura County, CA, where she lives. (see links below on Ventura County Star Article & Shelter) To find out more please go the The Persecution of Mildred Dunlap on facebook or Amazon or e-mail us at the gavatar addresses. Thank you. (photos: of Paulette, her family, and a reading at The Ojai Art Center, July 2012)
This entry was posted in INTOLERANCE, OSCAR WILDE, PERSONAL POSTS. Bookmark the permalink.

24 Responses to Who Tolerates This Kind Of Hatred Or Worse, Believes & Condones It?

  1. tazzielove says:

    The tragedy of Alan Turning’s life, conviction and death saddens me for him then and that the intolerance continues today. Thank you for posting this. Terry

  2. Clowie says:

    It’s an incredibly sad story on so many levels. I hope you don’t mind if I post the link to the BBC Biography of him.

  3. Good info. Sad that we humans think its okay to legislate how we are supposed to feel or what we can and cannot do with our body. I may not agree with some things that are done, but I also don’t believe I have authority over anyone’s personal “body” choices but my own. Otherwise let’s outlaw: cutting, smoking, tattoos and stuff like that! Good story my friend.

    • Well said, and I completely agree. My question from what you wrote is, can I keep a lid on my hatred, keep it to myself and work on my own issues without spewing toxicity and damage into the world? You write about this so beautifully. Can we agree to disagree? Can I continue to be my authentic self without voicing or acting on opinions that hurt another, whether with a legal system or otherwise? This is my own personal work, to ask for a heart of forgiveness and understanding, including towards my own insides. Love you Sheri.

      • Of course you can see the flaws of humanity and respond with love instead of hate of another’s ignorance. Remembering that others mind sets are formed at early ages and perpetuated by life and love environments keeps our perspective of humanity healthy.

        Love the unlovable
        Love the ignorant
        Love those with broken minds – in some way ours are broken too, remember this.
        Love yourself so much that you won’t walk a path that is unbecoming to the beautiful you that you are.

        So much love I send you.
        Sheri

  4. Depressing, that we were and are still, threatened by other’s love. I agree with the commenters above. Thanks for more education Paulette. We can’t be too aware of what we are capable of doing to one another.

  5. WordsFallFromMyEyes says:

    It really, really rocks me to be exposed to stories like this. Thinking of a man of talent, unique talent, very special talent, contribution to society, and his downfall stems from him enjoying sex in different ways to how I do. I can’t believe this was mid 1950s – really, so recent? I thought 1800s.

    This was fascinating to read, and clearly sad. A whole life, brought down to that.

  6. gita4elamats says:

    How very sad. 😦

  7. At the root of this kind of hatred is fear. Fear of what? Fear of what differences among us mean–that they mean something more than just differences. We forget how similar we are and focus on on our differences. Tragic. And so many examples.

  8. natuurfreak says:

    What a sat He died.

  9. fournier0917 says:

    Thisstory says it all… In the past we blamed it on ignorance… what now ?

  10. I needed time to watch this movie. Thank you for posting film here. This is so unfair. Why are anyone’s abilities judged by their sexual orientation? Makes no sense to me.

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